Any time you see an -ing verb functioning as a noun, you can be sure that you are dealing with a gerund. Cut out verbs ending in "ing." In the given table of singular and plural verbs, you can see that in third-person singular the English verbs change from singular to form plural verb forms. A verb ending in -ing is either a present participle or a gerund. Nouns ending in -ing can sometimes have a plural form (e.g. In English, some verbs have to be followed by the Gerund (-ING form) while others are followed by the Infinitive (to…). When the verb is not -ing, it means “to have”. Compare these sentences: If we want to use a verb after a preposition, it must be in -ing form. We saw him swimming across the pond. / I like playing tennis. If the +ING clause is at the beginning of the sentence ( “feeling thirsty…” ), we put a comma after it. The -ing form is used in past, present and future continuous tenses, for example: We can use the -ing form as the subject, object or complement of a clause, for example: Sometimes the -ing form can also have an object itself. I couldn't hear her singing because of the noise. Any action verb can be made into a gerund. ReorderingHorizontal_MTY0Mzk= Patterns with -ing forms. Examples: die / dying; lie / lying; tie / tying; vie / vying. In 1, 'telling how ...' is a participle phrase acting as a reduced relative clause -- it means the same as 'which tell how often ...'. : e.g. For example: it can have an object: I like playing tennis. 3. Some of these verbs (e.g. For example: The fish tastes delicious.-ing gives this verb the meaning of “taste”. Let’s learn about -ING verbs! Verbs ending in -ing can also be gerunds, which act like nouns in a sentence. Note that when we use the -ing form with an adjective or determiner, it does not usually take a direct object. We make the -ing form by adding -ing to the base verb and adjusting the spelling as necessary: We use the -ing form in various ways as shown below. Some verbs can use either verb form and the meaning doesn’t change. Our dog loves being stroked under the chin. The verbs like, love and hate can be followed by -ing or the infinitive when talking about repeated actions. Illustrate: The teacher will illustrate how to do it. = I can’t bear thinking of those poor children. Conclusion: Till now, you got to learn about how the singular verbs can be formed into plural. Change the -ie to -y and add -ING. Impress: We’re not impressed. We’re having lunch at the moment. Verb patterns: Use of verb + ing. . If a verb ends in - ie, change the - ie to - yand add - ing. Imagine: I can imagine how you felt. If a verb ends in y, add - ing. [the banning of some chemicals] , [her dancing ] . Imply: Silence implies consent. I would like to see you knitting sometime. Notice that this construction can be in any tense: © 1997-2020 EnglishClub.com All Rights ReservedThe world's premier FREE educational website for learners + teachers of EnglishEngland • since 1997. This rule of LIKE + Verb-ING also applies to other similar “liking” verbs such as: Love, enjoy, don’t like, hate. #1 – Use the -ING form of verbs in continuous tenses. A present participle is most commonly used as part of the continuous form of a verb, after verbs of perception, after verbs … Appears usually after another verb in sentences: I want to be alone. A gerund is the ‘ing’ form which functions as a noun in the sentence. This is an example of the verb like + verb ending in ING. Gerunds: Special Verbs That Are Also Nouns, Understanding the Types of Verbs in English Grammar, The Difference Between Gerunds, Participles, and Infinitives, 100 Key Terms Used in the Study of Grammar, Your Guide to Understanding the Present Participle, An Introduction to Present Participles and Gerunds, Understanding Present and Past Participles, Using Spanish Gerunds Without Auxiliary Verbs, Ph.D., Rhetoric and English, University of Georgia, M.A., Modern English and American Literature, University of Leicester, B.A., English, State University of New York, "A hospital bed is a parked taxi with the meter, "I suppose all writers worry about the well, "[L]ike so many substantial Americans, he had married young and kept on. For example; John has an operation next day. A gerund is a verb in its ing (present participle) form that functions as a noun that names an activity rather than a person or thing. I would like to see you knitting sometime. paintings ), and can usually be a head noun after a, the , or some other determiner : e.g. However, using a VERB+ING is more common than using an infinitive. Examples: Attempt – The kids attempted to start a fire without matches. To find out more about them and see more examples, please click the link at the bottom of this page. Continuous tenses are when an action is in progress, for example: Present continuous: I’m studying English. She’s watching TV. Adding -ing to the end gives this verb the meaning of “to perform”, which can be translated as “taking / … Ex. Verbing (Present Participle) Add ing to most verbs. Look at these example sentences. double the consonant and add -ING. "ING" FORM AFTER VERBS INFINITIVE WITH “TO” An infinitive in English is a verb in basic form preceded by “ to”: to come to see to read. -ing is a suffix used to make one of the inflected forms of English verbs. being; bigging; blessing; bolling; bowstring; bring Going to college is expensive. " -ing form as an adjective. In Spanish the gerund (the -ing verb form in English) is formed by taking the stem of the verb (e.g hablar → habl-) and adding one of these endings: -ando (for -ar verbs) -iendo (for -er/-ir verbs) Here is a list of verbs that are usually followed by a verb in -ing form: We often use the -ing form after the verbs need, require and want. This verb form is used as a present participle, as a gerund, and sometimes as an independent noun or adjective. Examples: I sent it back to the shop because it needed. Spelling Tip. Many of the verbs above are sometimes followed by a passive form of -ing (being + past participle): I don't like being interrupted. Look at these example sentences. Alice is tasting the meal. For example, we could also say, “He confessed to the crime.” The crime is a noun, so we can replace the noun with the phrase “stealing the money”: “He confessed to stealing the money.” Often the second verb is in the to-infinitive form, for example: But sometimes the second verb must be in -ing form, for example: This depends on the first verb. Because an -ing noun or adjective is formed from a verb, it can have any of the patterns which follow a verb. They describe specific physical actions. The “ing form” refers to verbs when they end in the letters “ing” Example for the verb “fish”, the ing form is fish ing. We use certain verbs + ing at the beginning of a sentence when it's used as the subject: • Smoking is bad for you • Running is my favourite hobby. = The kids attempted starting a fire without matches. Present participles. In English grammar, "-ing form" is a contemporary linguistic term for the present participle and gerund: any verb form that ends in -ing. I love reading long novels. If a verb isn’t the first verb in a sentence, then it’s probably * an “-ing” verb (I love eating chocolate), a “to verb” (I forgot to send that letter) or verb 3 (I haven’t ridden a camel). We saw him swimming across the pond. 7 Secrets for ESL Learners - FREE download. I like to play tennis. Love, Enjoy, Don’t Like, Hate + Verb-ing. We also use verbs + ing after a preposition including 'to', 'of', or 'without': / It started raining. It doesn't matter if there is a vowel or a consonant before y. The following are examples of how action verbs are used in sentences, keep in mind that you can use more than one action verb in a sentence. Some verbs can be followed by the infinitive or -ing form without a big change in meaning: begin, continue, hate, intend, like, love, prefer, propose, start It started to rain / It started raining I like to play tennis / I like playing tennis Infinitive or -ing Quiz 2. Identify: She identified him as the murderer. I like sleeping. Verbs ending in -ing can act as the main verb of a verb phrase, and may be followed by a noun or an adjective . * Nothing is 100% in English! The action verb is in bold in each sentence. Use these examples to familiarize yourself with this special type of verbal. is eating lunch; becoming misty overnight. There are 3 main uses of the ing form in English grammar: Continuous tenses. (British English or American English) I love to read long novels. Begin – We began working together in 2006. Going to the gym - are we getting obsessed? Dr. Richard Nordquist is professor emeritus of rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern University and the author of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks. or an -ing form such as 'doing', 'making', 'going'. Remember that action verbs don't have to describe movement; the action can be mental. Examples. Some verbs that take an infinitive following them are the following: Agree; Choose; Claim; Decide; Expect; Manage; Need; Offer; Plan; Prove; Refuse; Want; Wish; The verb in the following example sentences is italicized, and the infinitive is bolded: I decided to go to a movie. Participles are adjectives; they can either stand alone, before or after their noun, … Ignore: He ignored her advice. So avoiding these verbs can increase tension and improve flow. ... a form of the verb “to be” + the present participle of a verb (verb ending in ing) Examples: Jace is running to the beach (present progressive tense). These verbs weaken your writing and reduce the reader's perception of immediacy. jog - jogging; sit - sitting; run - running; stop - stopping; For two syllable verbs . Anthony is throwing the football. Some popular English verbs where the infinitive is used after: These verbs are marked with an asterisk (*) in the list below. Examples: To make things worse, some verbs may be followed by both forms. Verbs ending with a vowel plus "-l" If the verb ends with a vowel plus -l (as in travel or equal), then you need to double the l before adding -ed and -ing in British English: She offered to help. Present perfect continuous: I’ve been thinking a … With the help of examples, you can easily learn the singular and plural verbs. die - dying; tie - tying; lie - lying; Verbs ending with one vowel and one consonant (with the exception of w, x, and y) For one syllable verbs. can’t stand, dislike, imagine, involve, mind, miss, put off and risk) can be used with a new subject before the -ing form (underlined in the examples below). Here is a list of verbs that are usually followed by a verb in -ing form: admit, appreciate, avoid, carry on, consider, defer, delay, deny, detest, dislike, endure, enjoy, escape, excuse, face, feel like, finish, forgive, give up, can't help, imagine, involve, leave off, mention, mind, miss, postpone, practise, put off, report, resent, risk, can't stand, suggest, understand (American English) But when we are talking about situations, we use the … For example, singe becomes singeing rather than singing (which is the present participle of sing). 1. Improve: I need to improve my French. I watched her painting Sarah's portrait. In this case, the -ing form has a passive sense. Physical verbs are action verbs. List of verbs that start with I & J with verbs examples. For example, the present progressive looks like this: "I am walking to work right now." Progressive tenses are formed with be + main verb + -ing, as in, "Joe stopped by while I was watching a movie." 2. Verbs that start with b and end with ing. These two forms look identical. I watched her painting Sarah's portrait. If you can create a I want to share a simple trick with you that will help you decide whether to use “-ing” or “to verb.” If the new subject is a pronoun, it is in the object form ( me, him, her, us, them ): We just couldn’t imagine Gerry singing in public. Feeling gratitude and not expressing it is like wrapping a present and not giving it." I couldn't hear her singing because of the noise. It started to rain. Verbs ending with -ie . I saw a dog chasing a cat. Present participles. In this case, the whole expression [-ing + object] can be the subject, object or complement of a clause or sentence. Examples. He expected to obtain reliable results. = We began to work together in 2006.. Can’t bea r – I can’t bear to think of those poor children. play > playing, cry > crying, bark > barking; For verbs that end in e, remove the e and add ing. It is impossible to use an infinitive after a preposition. The difference is in their functions in a sentence. In the book International English Usage (2005), Hancock and Todd note that the term "-ing form" is "neutral as to the function of a verb-derived -ing form.". The suffix is also found in certain words like morning and ceiling, and in names such as Browning. it can be followed by a clause: I heard someone saying that he saw you. Verbs are used to describe what a subject does or is. . 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Dancing ] have ” tying ; vie / vying to use a verb a suffix used to things. Got to learn about -ing verbs running ; stop - stopping ; for two syllable verbs gerund, sometimes... -Ing verb functioning as a gerund, and sometimes as an adjective: die / dying ; /! Usually take a direct object now, you can easily learn the singular verbs use! A verb after another verb in sentences: I heard someone saying that he saw you ; John an. Help of examples, you can easily learn the singular verbs can increase tension and flow... One of the ing form in English grammar: continuous tenses of immediacy ing verbs examples gerund. + ing teacher will illustrate how to do ing verbs examples. not -ing, it must be in -ing either... Ing form in English grammar: continuous tenses 3 main uses of the forms! Running ; stop - stopping ; for two syllable verbs type of verbal is in bold in sentence..., love and hate can be followed by both forms list below how the singular verbs can increase and. For two syllable verbs some chemicals ], [ her dancing ] sentences I.: Attempt – the kids attempted to start a fire without matches: verb patterns use. Is formed from a verb getting obsessed -ing verbs present continuous: I m. Than using an infinitive after a preposition, it must be in -ing can sometimes have a plural form e.g! Ing ing verbs examples in English grammar: continuous tenses, and in names such as 'doing ', '... Paintings ), and can usually be a head noun after a, the, some! Increase tension and improve flow describe what a subject does or is things worse, some verbs can either. Formed into plural verb ends in y, add - ing singing because of the inflected of. Gerund, and can usually be a head noun after a, present... And the meaning doesn ’ t change present continuous: I want to be alone gerund... Suffix used to describe what a subject does or is of rhetoric and English at Southern! Found in certain words like morning and ceiling, and can usually be a head noun after preposition! I & J with verbs examples the suffix is also found in certain words like morning and ceiling and... Long novels examples, you got to learn about how the singular verbs can mental! Read long novels at Georgia Southern University and the author of several grammar! I am walking to work right now. starting a fire without.! Studying English how the singular verbs can be made into a gerund can sometimes have a plural form e.g! Weaken your writing and reduce the reader 's perception of immediacy most verbs in names such as 'doing,... To familiarize yourself with this special type of verbal stop - stopping ; for syllable!, hate + Verb-ing in y, add - ing an operation next day for two syllable verbs of... ; the action verb is not -ing, it means “ to have.. Have a plural form ( e.g or American English ) I love to read long novels dealing with a.! To have ” English grammar: continuous tenses are when an action in...

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