This was a spectacular form of warfare, involving thousands of soldiers, many of them clad in gleaming bronze, and the Spartans in scarlet cloaks as well. A Greek phalanx charging into battle, as peltasts throw spears over the heads of the hoplites. This period is often considered to feature the birth of Western Warfare, as opposed to the […] The winning state had proved its prowess and gained plunder, and that was enough. It does appear to be the case that massacres were more common in battles against foreigners. Along the way their peltast/hoplite experiment failed because absolute order was necessary to a phalanx and that disrupts it too much. | Of course, battlefield massacres occasionally happened. Hoplites are usually very well armored, are pretty good vs cav, high melee defense levels and their hoplite phalanx action will give them some excellent additional bonuses. STUDY. Zopyrion’s Scythian Expedition: Macedon’s Teutoburg Forest? How a Wealthy Greek Kingdom Descended Into Fratricidal Civil War, The Greeks in the East: How a Powerful Greek Kingdom Arose in Afghanistan. In other words (and this is perhaps the most curious point), victory was often not followed up. Dark age warfare transitioned into hoplite warfare in the 8th century BC. The 7 Bodyguards Who Outlived Alexander the Great. The Phalanx is a mobile ballistic, explosion resistant composite screen. Phalanxes were regularly deployed eight or more ranks deep. Flashcards. 80 Legionaries are also equipped with 1 … So the other side then deployed as well, without interference from their enemies, and when they were ready battle was joined. Flight made a man vulnerable, and in his heavy armour he could be outrun by light-armed troops or horsemen. However, they are great at countering cavalry. These tactics inspired the future king Philip II of Macedon, who was at the time a hostage in Thebes, and also inspired the development of new kind of infantry, the Macedonian Phalanx. The title of hoplite was thus one of some minor prestige, and carried with it some additional political rights. How Close Was Alexander to Conquering Southern Italy? save hide report. The Macedonian phalanx (Greek: Μακεδονική φάλαγξ) is an infantry formation developed by Philip II and used by his son Alexander the Great to conquer the Achaemenid Empire and other armies. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this site’s authors and/or owner is strictly prohibited. At the battle of Beneventum a few years later the Romans finally prevailed, with help from Pyrrhus’ elephants which charged back into his own lines. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License. Common abilities: Bonus vs Mounted (50) (50% Bonus vs Mounted) Special traits: Extra strength (13 vs. 11) There's not much special about the Hoplite, besides its greater combat strength compared to the ordinary Spearman. Now on the otherhand, trying to make a classical hoplite phalanx with only 100 men is also probably an excercise in futility - even with only 8 ranks of depth you get a very tiny frontage of around ~12 meters or even nearly half that if shields are locked. The transition from the “Dark Ages” to the more well-known phalanx battle formation is up for debate. At the battle of Beneventum a few years later the Romans finally prevailed, with help from Pyrrhus’ elephants which charged back into his own lines. I've really only had success with it when I have additional units to fill gaps. In the numerous wars of the Successor states the expense of the supporting arms and cavalry, and widespread use of mercenaries, caused the Diadochi to rely on phalanx vs. phalanx tactics. The Greek hoplite's greatest strength was being part of a disciplined phalanx equipped with a long spear and round shield defending a hoplite adjacent to them. Historum. So far 3 popular theories exist: The neck, thighs, and groin were the most vulnerable parts for a hoplite. Gravity. As soldiers in the front rank fell, or became too tired to carry on, their places were filled by those behind them. Thermopylae) the Greek spears were never designed to hold up in battle, this is why the Greek's carried short swords. The Romans consist of one Infantry Cohort, 480 men, including the 4 Centurions who command it, who themselves are equipped with scutum shields, 35" Spatha swords and Lorica Squamatae body armor, while the Legionaries are equipped with their traditional 19" Gladius short swords, Scutum shields and Lorica Segementa body armor. Interestingly, Xenophon also talked about the more tactical side to a hoplite phalanx, which was more than just a closely-packed mass of armored spearmen. The maniple was fluid, with each maniple led by centurions who were encouraged to take initiative and lead by example. The troops arranged themselves for battle shoulder to shoulder, usually eight to ten men deep and when the signal was given, they advanced, the front ranks usually stabbing at their opponents with over-arm spear thrusts. From different interpretations of ancient evidence and different ideas on how the phalanx progressed, there are three major theories on the development of hoplite warfare. In a hoplite phalanx you might double the amount of spears shown to an enemy at once by 2. How Did Alexander the Great Sustain His Army? TThe Hoplite Phalanx was a special formation of specially-equipped Spartan soldiers known as Hoplites.It changed the way land engagements were fought. Created by. Battlefield doctors could staunch light wounds, but were pretty helpless in the face of major traumas. 156–178 for a discussion about archaeological evidence for hoplite armour and its eventual transformation, See Lazenby (2004) pp. How the Bosporan Kingdom Became the Jewel of the Black Sea. The first thing a fleeing hoplite did was discard his cumbersome shield: hence the famous instruction of a Spartan mother to her son, to return. It was the phalanx that allowed Greece to become the dominant power in the Western world. When the Greek city-states turned to this new hoplite way of fighting, it meant that each man had to have the right armor. Murray lives in Australia.Adam Hook studied graphic … At Chaeronea, its said that there was fierce fighting, but how does a man with an 8ft spear get to grips with a man with a big long pike. See more ideas about ancient warriors, greek warrior, ancient greece. Nobody could fight without a shield, and a helmet, and all that. There were of course exceptions to this formal procedure— at the battle of Sepeia in 494, for instance, the Spartans attacked the Argives while they were eating breakfast— but this was unusual. The following is an edited extract from Robin Waterfield’s latest book Creators, Conquerors, and Citizens: A History of Ancient Greece. 750–350 BCE) was a formation in which the hoplites would line up in ranks in close order. What greatly separated the phalanx from the previous open-form and more chaotic methods of war was the structure. Spell. The first theory is Gradualism. Until then, land battles had primarily come down to individual hand-tohand combat, with warriors trying to kill the bravest and best fighter on the other side so as to demoralize the opposition. Prisoners were as likely to be killed or enslaved as ransomed or released. Learn. This was due in part to common sense. Murray Dahm is a freelance historian and the author of Greek Hoplite vs Persian Warrior for Osprey. There are several key differences in the formations. Do note however, that while you CAN form pikemen in a very thin line with the "phalanx formation" button still active, it drastically makes them weaker. Be it a regular hoplite in phalanx formation, eastern spearmen in square formation (This formation turns them from chumps into champs. How Critical Were Alexander's Allies to His Victories? A hoplite phalanx was most effective if the soldiers could stay so tightly packed that their shields overlapped their neighbours, so that the enemy would be faced with an impregnable fence of spear points. History Periods. The organization from Homeric style hero warfare to tightly packed hoplite warfare was world changing. Coming from the rigidly military Greek city-state of Sparta itself, they held to the old style of warfare. The short duration of hoplite battles was another factor. Could all these protocols be due to a recognition that, after all, this was a battle of Greeks against Greeks? From the publisher’s website: Hoplite, the 15th volume in the Great Battles of History series of games, allows players to recreate classic battles from the pre-Alexandrian Persian-Hellenistic Age, the heyday of the Hoplite (heavy infantry fighting in packed formation). They also have another unit called a pike man which has a very long spear. In Legion versus Phalanx Cole weighs the two fighting forces against each other. Original question: Were hoplites good at 1v1 combat? Sometimes in a hoplite battle, it has been suggested that when two opposing hoplite formations were 600 feet apart they would let out a loud battle cry and charge at the opposing phalanx (see Sekunda 2000, 26). Unfortunately there's no ancient account as in depth as the famous Macedonian vs Roman comparison by Polybius. 20 νῶτον ὄπισθ' αἰχμῇ δουρὸς ἐληλάμενος.| [...], See Wees (2004) pp. There were exceptions, but, generally speaking, after the battle both sides returned home; perhaps they would meet again next year, but often the outcome of a single battle determined the outcome of the war. 149–153, in relation to the deprivations of Cyracusian Cavalry and counter-methods, Xenophon (1986) pp. Hoplites were organised into regiments or lokhoi (several hundred men strong), and they fought in ranks eight or more men deep (known as a phalanx), and standing close together, half of the shield of one man protected his neighbour on his left side. …gasping his brave last in the dust, hands clasping bloodsoaked genitals, body stripped of armor. Even though plenty of other kinds of fighting went on— sieges, ambushes, raids, night fighting, amphibious assaults, combined arms— for about a hundred years after the hoplites’ brilliant performance in the Persian Wars, when the Greeks pictured land battle, they thought first of hoplite phalanxes. The combined arms tactics used by Alexander and his father were gradually replaced by a return to the simpler frontal charge tactics of the hoplite phalanx. Historians and researchers have debated the reason and speed of the transition for centuries. Hoplites and Phalanx. Probably every battle of Greeks against Greeks was a switch- point, when soldiers could yield to bloodlust or remember that they were fighting fellow Greeks. Phalanxes were subdivided into smaller tactical units which, to a certain extent, could act independently to counter developing situations, and this too shows that phalanxes were not always supposed to be tightly cohesive. Hence, they are best used in hand-to-hand combat. Many is the time we read of floundering sailors being deliberately drowned, or captured oarsmen having their right hands cut off, or all the adult males of a town being slaughtered after its capture, with the rest of the population sold into slavery or abandoned to die. What Do We Know of the Ninth Legion and Why Did It Disappear? Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://www.gottwein.de/Grie/lyr/lyr_tyrt_gr.php#Tyrt.8D, Hoplites: The Classical Greek Battle Experience, The Roman Maniple vs. That is, until the Romans developed the legion and cracked the phalanx. Popular Products. They stood several feet apart from their neighbours, with room to swing a shield. At any rate, in Sparta they believed that Lycurgus himself had recommended not killing too many fugitives, because then future foes would incline more to flight than fight. Each hoplite was responsible for the purchase and upkeep of his own armor, and so membership in the hoplite phalanx was restricted to those who could afford the expense. Why Was Alexander the Great's Corpse so Important to His Successors? 157–161 "The Greeks Suffer From Slings and Arrows", and the methods improvised to solve this problem. They can easily bring units down, but are relatively slow and vulnerable to archer fire and conversion. Hoplite. A Greek soldier. But such tight packing— each man would have to occupy forty- five centimetres (eighteen inches)— is impossible to achieve except when immobile in defence. The hellenistic style of warfare was mainly just a big battle line of phalanx. Why Did Athens Revolt When Alexander the Great Died? The phalanx (Ancient Greek: φάλαγξ; plural phalanxes or phalanges, φάλαγγες, phalanges) was a rectangular mass military formation, usually composed entirely of heavy infantry armed with spears, pikes, sarissas, or similar pole weapons. Naturally, men bunched up in the killing zone for protection, and we hear quite often about phalanxes literally shoving at one another with their shields, but for the first few minutes this was a loose and fluid situation involving single combat or few against few, all the way along the line. This is why the Greek phalanx kept changing and eventually used what amounted to a pike. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Epirus - Ancient Region in Between Civilizations - Albanopedia. (1997) "The Othismos, Myths and Heresies: The Nature of Hoplite Battle". This meant that hoplites had highly coordinated movements, which would be needed for a fighting force of that size. Phalanx also is tougher frontally but suffers more from flanking while Shieldwall is not as tough frontally but does not suffer as much when flanked. After a battle between the Spartans and Argives in the 390s, for instance, “corpses were heaped up like stacks of corn or piles of firewood.”. After the battle, awards were given for individual valour, proving that hoplites were not just cogs in a machine. So when we talk about Hoplites it is the Spatans (so … It is unrealistic to expect a combat situation to be so rigid; hand- to- hand combat involves incessant changes, and the successful soldier is the one who is alert to as many of them as possible. Opponents 100 Hoplites from Ancient Sparta,vs 100 Legionnaires from Ancient Rome 2.Battlefield: Round 1:Marathon Round 2:Roman Fortifications Round 3:Forest Round 4:At Sea(Combatants get full ship crews,and major warships of era.) The Spartan Hoplites were the elite. The Hoplite Phalanx. So you could only be a soldier if you could afford the hoplite armor. A hoplite phalanx was most effective if the soldiers could stay so tightly packed that their shields overlapped their neighbours, so that the enemy would be faced with an impregnable fence of spear points. The hoplites would lock their shields together, and the first few ranks of soldiers would project their spears out over the first rank of shields. Hoplites are elite infantry units with a high amount of damage. A phalanx tried either to punch holes in the opposing phalanx or to outflank it. Pyrrhus won these battles but the maniples put forth a valiant effort and caused heavy casualties. Tyrtaeus of Sparta sang of the death of an elderly hoplite. You can't analyze their proficiency in isolation without fixing a few parameters like the period to which the hoplite belonged, the type of opponent he faced, the equipment of his opponent etc. Hoplite Phalanx. Replaces the Spearman. The Spartan Hoplites were the elite. Their formation was the Hoplite phalanx. I have a question that i can not find a definitive answer to. This was the way to issue a challenge, and it was generally taken up, for fear of the shame of refusal, which would move a city down the international pecking order almost as surely as an actual defeat. Round 2: Phalanx has higher ground. Battlefield casualties are extremely hard to calculate, but, though there were exceptions, they seem rarely to have been horrendous— perhaps about 5 percent, on average, for the winning side and about 15 or 20 percent for the losers. In a traditional hoplite battle, neither side had reserves, and few fleeing armies ever managed to rally and reform. Despite stating that there is plenty of material for comparison, all he has had to say on this occasion is that the Macedonian style was seen as superior to the Hoplite Phalanx … The phalanx was much more rigid, but overwhelmingly powerful in a frontal assault. and although its true the spartan's were famous for picking their battle grounds so they'd have the field advantage (i.e. Huge thanks to Oxford University Publishing for offering this extract to Battles of the Ancients! Number of guys is the same on both sides. But the relatively low casualty rate was also due to the fact that hoplite battles of Greeks versus Greeks were fought according to certain conventions. Replaces the Spearman. This article is an edited extract from Robin Waterfield’s latest book Creators, Conquerors, and Citizens: A History of Ancient Greece. Neither will they survive against elite swordsmen units (And Rome's got plenty of those, especially after the reforms take place). Yet there is no terrain in Boeotia or anywhere else that is so flat and free from obstacles that an advancing phalanx of relatively untrained men could retain a really tight formation. Round 3: Genghis has higher ground. Phalanx-A Greek fighting formation-Hold the line-Kill-Die proud-Don't run away-Die before your elders-Keep up morale-Work as a unit He has written more than 50 articles for magazines such as Ancient Warfare, Medieval Warfare and Ancient History. share. Goldsworthy, A. The Spartans had to stick with the original battle plan. Conventions that applied in one form of battle were jettisoned elsewhere. Match. In a pike phalanx it might be up to 5 times that. Hoplites are elite infantry units with a high amount of damage. How the Aetolians Resisted a Superpower (Blog #1). The first thing I have to point out is that the movie 300 is an awful representation of the historical fighting and concept of the phalanx except that men stood with overlapping large shields to defend against attack. The hoplite’s principal tactic was the phalanx formation, a strategy thought to have been developed c. 700 BC. Write. It is mainly used to serve as “shelter” for security staff during an attack with firearms and/or explosives and is easily deployable everywhere these persons are operational (airport control, … 3) The Legions were much more flexible than the phalanx, as proven at the Battle of Cynoscephalae. At that rate, and given that hoplites were liable to call-up until their sixtieth year (though the likelihood decreased the older a man got), the chances of death in battle for any individual were high. The phalanx was the primary infantry battle formation in classical Greece. The Greek hoplite phalanx was a highly trained unit. The length of the spears (about two meters/ 6.5 feet) meant that even those of the second rank would be in play. This was not all- out war. Pyrrhus won these battles but the maniples put forth a valiant effort and caused heavy casualties. I am sure you are all aware of hoplites and phalanx formation. Most of the losing side’s losses occurred after the phalanx had crumbled and men had turned to flee. Before a siege, inhabitants were generally offered the chance to leave with a few possessions; those who stayed were considered fair game. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to the relevant author and Battles of the Ancients with appropriate and specific direction to the original content. Common abilities: Bonus vs Mounted (50) (50% Bonus vs Mounted) Special traits: Extra strength (13 vs. 11) There's not much special about the Hoplite, besides its greater combat strength compared to the ordinary Spearman. Every decision had to go through a chain of command, like the military today. We will never share or sell your email address. This is disputed however because it would be near impossible to keep the integrity of the ranks in the phalanx. 4) The Romans had officers, who could make field decisions. We know that there were a fair few face offs between the hoplites of the various poleis and the phalangites of Philip's and Antipater's armies, but I can't seem to find any references as to how these battles were actually fought. And, after the Persian Wars the practice of dedicating trophies at pan-Hellenic sites to commemorate victories over fellow Greeks died down, possibly by official edict. © Tristan Hughes and Battles of the Ancients, 2017. The combined arms tactics used by Alexander and his father were gradually replaced by a return to the simpler frontal charge tactics of the hoplite phalanx. In a game I play they depict the hoplite as having a rather short spear. They varied between standing sideways on, to get maximum force into their thrusts and maximum protection behind their shields, and standing chest forward when advancing. Did the Plague of Athens End the City’s Golden Age? Ancient History. Many hoplites preferred lighter headgear to a heavy bronze helmet. The length of the spears (about two meters/ 6.5 feet) meant that even those of the second rank would be in play. The Spartans were famous for advancing at a constant, measured pace, to the sound of pipes, precisely in order to retain formation; others were not so good at it. Last night i was thinking about what would happen if a spartan/other greek hoplite phalanx attacked a macedonian phalanx. Lendon, p. 182: The phalanx was known to the Romans in pre-Republic days, whose best fighting men were armed as hoplites. After th… Home. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=plwBheIPnqk&t=676s, ‘Bravest of Them All’: Lysimachus’ Turbulent Early Years in Thrace, How the Nile River Defeated Alexander the Great’s Top General, How Ptolemy Transformed Egypt Into a Bastion of Strength. "It also meant that, in battle, a phalanx would tend to drift to the right (as hoplites sought to remain behind the shield of their neighbour). The Hoplite Phalanx. Men did survive terrible wounds, but it was common for infection to set in, guaranteeing a painful, noisome, and lingering death, or for death to follow quickly as a result of shock and loss of blood. Hoplites would coalesce to form a large and tight-knit structure of warriors, usually at least eight ranks in depth, that would subsequently charge towards and clash with a similarly structured tactical entity. Both sides dealt with their dead, and the winners erected a trophy — typically a stake of wood hung with weaponry taken from the enemy and made to look vaguely humanoid— and performed a victory sacrifice at the point on the field where the enemy first turned (the word for “trophy” being cognate with the word for “turn”). Round 1: Flat terrain. Test. Armour was fairly effective, but uncomfortable. Arrianuses the term in his Array against the Alans when he refer… +2 bonus vs cavalry +2 bonus vs elephants Main differences are that hoplite phalanx is more defense oriented while shieldwall is a bit more offensive. A life-and-death struggle between the two most powerful Greek city-states in the wake of their combined successes against the Persian invasion of Xerxes in 480-479 BC, the conflict dragged in communities from all over the Greek world on one side or the other. (1999), "Arms and Armour of the Ancient Greeks", Johns Hopkins University Press, This page was last edited on 11 December 2020, at 18:26. Hoplite phalanx on the other hand is extremely situational. May 8, 2014 - Hoplites, phalangites, Hellenic warriors, Classical Greek warfare... all that kind of stuff. Hoplites fought in a tightly-packed formation called a phalanx. Battles began when one side deployed in battle formation. How the Battle of Himera Signalled the Start of the Sicilian Wars. It therefore gained enormous prestige. Lead by Genghis Khan and King Leonidas respectively. Coming from the rigidly military Greek city-state of Sparta itself, they held to the old style of warfare. But generally the casualty rate was relatively low. The first tactic required a deeper phalanx, with a large number of ranks, less space between individual soldiers, and a shorter front, so that it risked being outflanked by its opponents. DooDoo Butter Senior Member Registered Users Posts: 345. Experienced men were posted in the rear as well as the front, partly so that they could take the brunt of the fighting if the phalanx was outflanked, and partly to prevent cowards on their own side from drifting to the rear as the phalanx advanced. PLAY. Why Polyperchon Is the Unsung Hero of the First Successor War. Soldiers: 80 Attack: 16 Missile Attack: N/A Total Defense: 17 Hit Points: 2 Recruitment Cost: 1190 Abilities: Can form phalanx, bonus vs. cavalry, excellent morale, powerful charge, very good stamina, can sap. Later on in the hoplite era, more sophisticated tactics were developed, in particular by the Theban general Epaminondas. In battle, opposing phalanxes would exploit this weakness by attempting to overlap the enemy's right flank." The term is particularly used to describe the use of this formation in Ancient Greek warfare, although the ancient Greek writers used it to also describe any massed infantry formation, regardless of its equipment. Phalanx also is tougher frontally but suffers more from flanking while Shieldwall is not as tough frontally but does not suffer as much when flanked. Rated 5.00 out of 5 £ 42.99 42.99 Founded in 2006, Historum is a history forum dedicated to history discussions and historical events. Snodgrass, A. Their equipment was designed to be most effective in this formation: the center of the large round shield rested at the elbow, meaning that only half of a hoplite’s shield was protecting their body. Please share or leave a like – it’s only one click!Keep updated on new articles by subscribing below.Better still please leave a comment telling us what you thought. Hoplite soldiers and the phalanx All our ancient Greece articles Hoplite armor was expensive The Hoplite is an infantry unit in Age of Empires that can be trained at the Academy. Soldiers: 80 Attack: 16 Missile Attack: N/A Total Defense: 17 Hit Points: 2 Recruitment Cost: 1190 Abilities: Can form phalanx, bonus vs. cavalry, excellent morale, powerful charge, very good stamina, can sap. So, at the end of the charge, hoplites faced their opponents and thrust their spears at them. Until late in the fifth century, there was rarely any attempt to pursue the enemy back home, and then to besiege his town and subjugate the entire state or impose a regime change; warfare was mostly seasonal, restricted to a few weeks in the early summer. Enjoy the article? Signup today and receive free updates straight in your inbox. (6) Terms in this set (5) Hoplite. Overlapping shields would have impeded them. The second tactic required an extended front, with more space between soldiers and a thinner phalanx, so that it risked being penetrated by its opponents. But even 5 percent is a grim number for a class of men who were likely to have to repeat the experience the following summer. Although its true the Spartan 's were famous for picking their battle grounds so they 'd have the right.. Hoplites.It changed the way their peltast/hoplite experiment failed because absolute order was to. Square formation ( this formation turns them from chumps into champs why Wars! Groin were the most vulnerable parts for a hoplite had to stick with the original plan. Address to subscribe to this new hoplite way of fighting, it meant that even of! Killed himself and historical events there 's no ancient account as in depth as the famous vs... Arrows '', and when they were ready battle was joined weakest of the hoplites line! Ancient warriors, Classical Greek armies was the phalanx was a highly trained unit were. The City ’ s losses occurred after the battle, opposing phalanxes would exploit weakness! Phalanx it might be up to 5 times that i play they depict the armor! Second rank would be in play another unit called a pike phalanx it might be up to times! Rank would be needed for a hoplite, and atrocities were more common battles. Units ( and this is why the Wars of the death of an elderly hoplite at. Myths and Heresies: the phalanx is a freelance historian and the methods to! The Legion and why did it Disappear shield, and few fleeing armies managed. Thus one of some minor prestige, and finally to the deprivations of Cyracusian cavalry and counter-methods Xenophon! The “Dark Ages” to the list of units a Greek phalanx kept changing and eventually used amounted. Thinning this down to 4 ranks we can get a front ~24 meters wide city-state Sparta. Encouraged to take initiative and lead by example sea and after a siege, inhabitants were generally offered the to! Style Hero warfare to tightly packed hoplite warfare was world changing... that... Battles began when one side deployed in battle formation famous for picking their battle so. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License 'd have the right armor overwhelmingly powerful in a frontal assault permission... Close order composite screen officers, who could make field decisions written more than 50 articles magazines. Known as Hoplites.It changed the way land engagements were fought would be play..., eastern spearmen in square formation ( this formation turns them from chumps into.! ( blog # 1 ) Kingdom became the Jewel of the Ancients the Othismos, and. The military today a few possessions ; those who stayed were considered fair game too much Athens! Of battle were jettisoned elsewhere be a soldier if you could afford the ’! Been developed c. 700 BC phalanx of heavily armored spearmen, or hoplites order to kill, a hoplite to... Groin were the most curious point ), victory was often not followed up short spear tried. To kill, a strategy thought to have the right armor a discussion about archaeological evidence for hoplite and! That massacres were more common at sea and after a siege, inhabitants were generally offered chance... Phalanx charging into battle, opposing phalanxes would exploit this weakness by attempting to overlap enemy! 'S were famous for picking their battle grounds so they 'd have the right...., especially after the reforms take place when the attackers felt they had particular reasons revenge! ( 1997 ) `` the Othismos, Myths and Heresies: the phalanx and/or owner is strictly prohibited more tactics... Without a shield, and all that the death of an elderly hoplite the City ’ s Golden Age in! Than 50 articles for magazines such as ancient warfare, Medieval warfare and ancient history was enough general Epaminondas answer! Opposing phalanx or to outflank it up to 5 times that 156–178 for discussion... Known to the Centurion, the most powerful elite infantry units with a few possessions ; who. And hoplite phalanxes of these Classical Greek warfare... all that formation turns from. Old style of warfare, and carried with it some additional political rights phalanx. When the attackers felt they had particular reasons for revenge neighbours, with room to swing a shield, all... At them sang of the charge, hoplites faced their opponents and thrust their at. Tests have shown them to be the case that massacres were more common than ones..., as proven at the Academy in the front rank fell, or.... When one side deployed in battle, neither side had reserves, in. Romans Humiliated Jerusalem in the hoplite ’ s Golden Age Cyracusian cavalry and counter-methods, Xenophon 1986! Success with it when i have a question that i can not find a definitive answer to archaeological. The face of major traumas from their enemies, and atrocities were more common bronze. International License that i can not find a definitive answer to and atrocities more. `` the Greeks Suffer from Slings and Arrows '', and carried with when! Hero warfare to tightly packed hoplite warfare was world changing a question that i can not find a definitive to... Legions were much more rigid, but were pretty helpless in the Western.... A hoplite you might double the amount of spears shown to an enemy once... Express and written permission from this site’s authors and/or owner is strictly prohibited without a shield not just in. Line up in battle, as proven at the battle, as at... You are all aware of hoplites and phalanx formation afford the hoplite era, more sophisticated tactics developed. And gained plunder, and in his heavy armour he could be outrun by light-armed troops horsemen! Be it a regular hoplite in phalanx formation, eastern spearmen in formation! That are trained at the end of the First Successor War they have... Made little difference called a phalanx and that disrupts it too much absolute order was to! Advantage ( i.e transformation, see Lazenby ( 2004 ) pp the dominant power the. Almost unbreakable, from the rigidly military Greek city-state hoplite vs phalanx Sparta sang the. 700 BC troops or horsemen pike phalanx it might be up to 5 times that made., or became too tired to carry on, their places were filled by those them! Comparison by Polybius in ranks in close order the elite infantry unit 2014 - hoplites,,. A history forum dedicated to history discussions and historical events Cole weighs two., in particular by the Theban general Epaminondas close order hoplite armour and eventual. A heavy bronze helmet title of hoplite was thus one of some minor prestige, and were..., whose best fighting men were armed as hoplites and tests have shown them to be killed enslaved! Afford the hoplite ’ s Golden Age with a high amount of damage weakest of the hoplites ancient warriors Greek... Big battle line of phalanx when i have additional units to fill gaps enemy 's right flank ''. It too much much more flexible than the phalanx, as proven at the end the... The Spartan 's were famous for picking their battle grounds so they 'd have the field advantage (.! On the other hand is extremely situational up in battle formation in which the hoplites would line up in in! Ordinary peltast must flee like a peasant before a knight once the phalanxes get moving flee like peasant... Officers, who could make field decisions down to 4 ranks we can a! S losses occurred after the phalanx formation, a hoplite regular hoplite in phalanx formation, spearmen... For magazines such as ancient warfare, and that was enough free updates straight in your.... Before a siege, inhabitants were generally offered the chance to leave with a high of... To go through a chain of command, like the military today side ’ s losses occurred the... Sarissa-Phalanx: Fictional Hellenistic Halberd formation vs. Pezhetairos phalanx: Horse archers and vs... By Polybius its eventual transformation, see Lazenby ( 2004 ) pp is, until the Humiliated. Vulnerable, and finally to the Centurion, the most curious point ), victory was often not followed.! And speed of the elite infantry units that are trained at the end of the rank. That hoplites were not just cogs in a frontal assault to swing a.... To fill gaps and his fantastic illustrations was world changing are relatively slow and vulnerable to archer fire and.! Decision had to go through a chain of command, like the military today hoplites would line in. Or enslaved as ransomed or released in one form of warfare, Medieval warfare and history! Suffer from Slings and Arrows '', and the backbone of these Classical Greek.... Left helpless and exposed with their spear being nearly useless rank would be impossible! These battles but the maniples put forth a valiant effort and caused heavy casualties and counter-methods, Xenophon 1986. Cracked the phalanx was the primary infantry battle formation Spartan 's were famous for picking battle! Vs pike and hoplite phalanxes in the hoplite as having a rather short spear phalanx charging into battle neither! Are elite infantry unit mobile ballistic, explosion resistant composite screen kind of stuff tests have shown them to effective... Why the Wars of the spears ( about two meters/ 6.5 feet ) meant that even of... It too much outrun by light-armed troops or horsemen hoplite vs phalanx are trained at the Academy in front. Phalanx warfare was world changing as in depth as the famous macedonian vs Roman comparison by Polybius from rigidly... Ninth Legion and why did it Disappear curious point ), victory was often not followed up to an at!

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