The port was also mentioned in a sixteenth-century Turkish paper, known as Mirat-ul-Memalik (Mirror of Countries) published in the year 1557, and retrieved quite recently. Then came the ancient Greeks who called this port by many names, including Krokola. Advertisement. | If historical references are to be believed, Karachi’s known history dates back to almost 500 BC. Its natural harbour was used by indigenous fishermen of the area since prehistory. Descendants of the original community still live in the area on the small island of Abdullah Goth, which is located near the Karachi Port.The original name "Kolachi" survives in the name of a well-known Karachi locality named Mai Kolachi in Balochi. History Of Karachi. A history of karachi s garbage outbreaks dawn com pakistan landscape historical pictures welcome to (city lights): pin by askari khan on city indianhistorypics twitter Home History of Karachi Vanished Heritage TURN OF THE CENTURY - 1900's. By 1914 it had become the largest grain exporting port of the British Empire. Friday, 27 May 2011 09:33 Posted by smarty imon Labels: apnakarachi , History , I own karachi , Karachi , See My Karachi Karachi 'The City of Lights' started its life as a small fishing settlement by the Indus Delta known as Kolachi-jo-Kun (the ditch of Kolachi), named after an old fisherwoman, Mai Kolachee who took up settlement here. When Napier left, Karachi was made part of the Bombay Presidency. The final quarter of the 20th century also brought a huge wave of urban violence and crime to Karachi, in the form of ethnic violence between native Sindhis and more recent immigrants from India, the muhajirs, and in an increased rate of both simple crime and organized brigandage. The area of Karachi was known to the ancient Greeks as Krokola, where Alexander the Great camped in Sindh to prepare a fleet for ancient Iran. Alexander the Great is said to have encamped here after his campaign in the Indus Valley, and then before he embarked with his fleet on his return to Babylonia. Ordered Disorder and the Struggle for the City, Hurst, 2014, xxv + 336 p. - Laurent Gayer's book, Karachi. Karachi was Pakistan ’s capital from 1947 until the new city of Islamabad was designated capital in 1959. The delivery of basic city services remained an ongoing problem for Karachi into the 21st century. Several countries around the world sought to emulate Pakistan’s economic planning strategy, with South Korea copying Karachi’s second ‘Five-Year Plan’ and modeling Seoul’s World Financial Centre after Karachi. The settlement at the port became an integral part of Sindh’s Talpur dynasty in 1720 and grew into a village by the name of Kolachi-jo-Goth (village of Kolachi) and began trading with Muscat and the Persian Gulf in the late 1720s. This number had risen to 56,000 by 1872, and kept on growing. An aerodrome built in the city in 1924 became the main airport of entry into the British Raj, and the metropolis came to be described as the `Paris of Asia.’. ), Karachi: Pakistan Branch, Oxford University Press It's said to be invented by Punjabi Chandu Halwai Karachiwala, established Karachi, 1896, moved to Bombay, 1947. North Nazimabad was developed as a residential area for federal government employees and was ranked as the most modern town planned in Karachi, designed in the late ’50s by Italian planners and architects, Carlo Scarpa and Aldo Rossi. From the terrain it seems to be that Karachi was under the sea during the last stone age period however tall islands like Abdullah Shah Ghazi might have some sort of homosapian population. The region around Karachi has been the site of human habitation for millennia. The city became the provincial capital of Sindh in 1936. It has been a great integrating force and forms the life line of the country by catering to its needs for large scale movement of people and freight. Known for his bravery, he was called Ghazi and was buried along with his brother where his shrine now stands. The plans for a Karachi tramway system were made in February 1881, and work started in October 1884. Their first settlement was near the delta of the Indus River which they named as 'Kolachi’ village. In der Agglomeration leben 16,9 Millionen Menschen (2018). They shopped in the Serai Quarter of the town. In 1861 a railway was built from Karachi to Kotri, 90 miles upstream on the right bank of the Indus, opposite Hyderabad. Mit 14,9 Millionen Einwohnern (2017) ist Karatschi eine der größten Städte der Welt. They brought with them a weapons and drugs culture, and changed the ethos of the city forever. 24.000 (2011) Mitarbeiter 700 (akademische Lehrer) (2011) 2.500 (andere Mitarbeiter) (2011) Jahresetat PKR 2,79 Milliarden (2012) (ca. 4:27 AM. The severity of lawlessness in Karachi prompted the government to initiate a military crackdown on crime in the city in 1992, but this campaign did not begin to see significant results until the end of that decade. We never knew that there are many museums in Karachi and in all the museums we never knew that there is one museum named a National museum of Pakistan situated in Karachi which give you the glimpse of the history with the help of the things that one could never think about. Unfortunately the tramway system no longer exists, having been shut down on April 30th 1975 after a series of traffic accidents … Its location and strategic importance was acknowledged by the local traders who developed it into a regional port town of the 17th century . It then became an army headquarters for the British and also began to develop from a fishing village into the principal port for the Indus River region. By 1891, statistics showed a population of about 105,000 and by the time the 19th century drew to a close, Karachi had 117,000 inhabitants as of 1901. Karatschi. With the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869, the importance of Karachi grew, and it became a full-fledged seaport. History of Karachi by KHAWAJA UMER FAROOQ. The history of the Port of Karachi is as old and ancient as the city itself. Located on the coast of the Arabian Sea, north-west of the Indus River Delta, the mega city is the largest city, original capital and cultural, economical, philanthropic, educational, and political hub, as well as the largest port, of the country. History. With the city’s infrastructure already overburdened to the breaking point, fully one-third of these new arrivals were forced to take up residence in urban shantytowns known as katchi abadis, which ordinarily lacked power, running water, or sanitation. Their first settlement was near the delta of the Indus River which they named as 'Kolachi’ village. Port facilities were improved from 1854 onward. Love it or hate it, Karachi halwa embodies this entangled history. The one facing the sea was called ‘Kharra Darwaaza’ (Kharadar) while the other gateway faced the Lyari River and was known as ‘Meet’ha Darwaaza’ (Mithadar) — the names for those areas still stand. The people of the original community yet inhabit the area on small island of Abdullah Goth situated near Karachi Port. Karachi was called Ramya in some Greek texts. Karachi originally was a small fisherman village settled by the Baloch tribes from Balochistan and Makran. 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Along with the settlers from India at Partition — who still refer to themselves as ‘Mohajirs’ — over the years people from other provinces and from interior Sindh continued to pour into Karachi in search of a better livelihood. Then the mega floods of 2010 and 2011 happened. The people of the original community yet inhabit the area on small island of Abdullah Goth situated near Karachi Port. In 1864 direct telegraph communications were established with London and with the interior. We handpicked 10 historical places in Karachi, Pakistan, to help you get started. History Of Karachi. Ordered Disorder and the Struggle for the City, tells the story of a city described seven decades ago as the “city of lights”, but now often portrayed as one of the world's most chaotic and dangerous metropolises. It is also Pakistan’s principal seaport and a major commercial and industrial center. Karachi's poor, in places like Korangi, are still waiting for safe drinking water. The well-known neighbourhood ‘Mai Kolachi’ of Karachi still reminds the original name of … EUR 22 Mio.) The earliest account of the area where Karachi is located can be found in the record books of one of Alexander-the-Great's admirals, who sailed back home from the Greek expedition to India, from a harbor by the Indus delta, known as Krokola. Besides the natural protection against monsoon storms, Manora Head furnished an excellent site for the defense of the harbour, and the Talpura amīrs who gained Karachi from the khān of Kalāt in 1795 erected a permanent fort on it. After World War I, manufacturing and service industries were installed. [1] The Arabs knew it as the port of Debal, from where Muhammad bin Qasim led his conquering force into Sindh (the western corner of South Asia) in AD 712. Historic karachi. On the eve of independence, Karachi’s population exceeded 400,000. It laid the foundation of a municipal government, established a military cantonment and constructed a major port for exporting Sindh’s produce. `Sindh, part of the native town of Kurrachee, 1851.’ Water-colour of Karachi by Henry Francis Ainslie (c.1805-1879). With the creation of Pakistan in 1947, Karachi became not only the capital and premier port of the new country but also a centre for industry, business, and administration. It was during this time that Karachi earned the sobriquet ‘City of Lights.’. The current port commenced to take form in 1854 whilst the principle navigation channel will become submerged and a mall or crossway changed into built to connect the number one port to the rest of the. Abdullah Shah Ghazi, one of the greatest Sufi saints of Sindh and also Ahl al-Bayt (from the family of Prophet Muhammad PBUH) arrived here from Kufa as a horse merchant-cum-trader in 760. 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Karachi History Of Pakistan. Several well-known conquerors, travellers, and explorers have mentioned the seaport in their writings and travel guides. Its natural harbour was used by indigenous fishermen of the area since prehistory. Post History. Published 4 years ago. The prolonged Soviet war and occupation of Afghanistan in the 1980s and 1990s brought thousands of Afghan refugees into the country and many of them settled in Afghan bastis on the outskirts of Karachi. In 1843 a river-steamer service was introduced between Karachi and Multān, about 500 miles up the Indus. By 1914, Karachi was the British Empire’s largest grain-exporting city. Karachi hosted the first ever night hockey match between India and Pakistan in 1986 at Hockey Club of Pakistan Stadium. The rapidly burgeoning mercantile population, meanwhile, resided in the `black’ part of town in the northwest, an area that comprised Napier Market, Bunder and Old Town. Karachi was a small fishing village when a group of traders moved there in the early 18th century from the decaying port of Kharak Bandar nearby. About: Laurent Gayer, Karachi. The horses wore straw hats to avoid sunstroke and water for them was provided by the philanthropic "Drinking Trough Society of Karachi." History of Karachi Prehistory. Home History of Karachi Vanished Heritage THE EARLY SETTLEMENT. Karachi was connected directly with the hinterland when the railway line was extended from Kotri in 1878 to join the Delhi-Punjab railway system at Multān. Upper Paleolithic and Mesolithic sites have been excavated in the Mulri Hills along Karachi's northern outskirts. Thousands of Biharis and Bengalis arrived in the city, and today Karachi is home to between one and two million migrants from Bangladesh. That was, and is, the insurmountable resilience and never-say-die spirit of the people who call Karachi home. It served as a center of administration in the first years of independence before Rawalpindi became Pakistan’s interim capital in … And in 1971, another wave of migration took place when former East Pakistan broke away to become Bangladesh. Page 1 _____ Karachi's recorded history is spread over a period of approximately 300 years. Karachi gained further importance after Sindh’s conquest by Major General Charles James Napier in 1843, and went on to become part of the British Indian Empire. Debal was fortified during the Mughal period to ward off invasions by Portuguese colonial ships, but it was attacked in 1568 by Portuguese Admiral Fernão Mendes Pinto in an attempt to destroy the Ottoman ships anchored at the Debal port. If historical references are to be believed, Karachi’s known history dates back to almost 500 BC. Karachi originally was a small fisherman village settled by the Baloch tribes from Balochistan and Makran. Consequently, new businesses brought prosperity, and Karachi was transformed into a city. Ergo Napier’s famous quote long after he left Sindh: “Would that I could come again to see you in your grandeur!”, By 1899 Karachi had a cosmopolitan population of about 105,000 people, comprising Muslims, Hindus, Sikhs, Europeans, Armenians, Malays Jews, Parsis, Iranians, Lebanese, African and Goan inhabitants. And in less than 175 years this small fishing village has now become a sprawling megalopolis, with nearly 23 million inhabitants. Lahari Bandar or Lari Bandar succeeded Debal as a major port of the Indus it was located close to Banbhore, in modern Karachi. The … All these considered, it’s absolutely no surprise that Karachi is one of the most recommended cities to visit if you’re embarking on a history tour. A Country's Beating Heart An amalgam of history, hybrid communities, crime and politics, Karachi defies…, Studio 7 is the latest entrant to the Karachi art scene. The writer is working with the Newsline as Assistant Editor, she is a documentary filmmaker and activist. And despite the capital being shifted to Islamabad in 1958, it didn’t stop the city from remaining the economic jugular of the country in the 1960s and beyond — and even to date. Pakistan Railways provides an important mode of Transportation in the farthest corners of the country and brings them closer for Business, sightseeing, pilgrimage and education. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. And as the ranks swelled, so did the problems faced by the city’s original dwellers. The Karachi tramway system was the brain child of Karachi’s Municipal Secretary and Engineer James Strachan. Karachi has Pakistan's first nuclear site KANUP in 1952 from Canada. When it became the capital after Pakistan’s Independence in 1947, it witnessed the first mass migration as its Hindu and Sikh residents migrated to India, to be replaced by Muslim refugees who had fled that country. Karachi - Karachi - History: Karachi was a small fishing village when a group of traders moved there in the early 18th century from the decaying port of Kharak Bandar nearby. These earliest inhabitants are believed to have been hunter-gatherers, with ancient flint tools discovered at several sites. By 1924 an aerodrome had been built, and Karachi became the main airport of entry to India. In a development typical of many postcolonial megacities, this premier economic status subsequently contributed to an enormous increase in Karachi’s population, as a huge influx of job-seeking immigrants from rural areas nearly doubled the city’s size in the final two decades of the 20th century. The city was also divided into two — the `white’ part of town comprised the Frere Hall, Masonic Lodge, Sindh Club, the Governor’s House, Staff Lines, and the `Collectors Kutchery’ (Law Court), and whites shopped at Saddar bazaar area and the Empress Market. Karachi, 1948: Hundreds of temporary camps housing government officials, who ran matters of the country and the city from inside these dusty tents. The ‘City of Lights’ became a ‘city of blights’ — but even on its darkest day, there remained a glimmer of light, a ray of hope. And now that Karachi is its own city, this metropolis thrives and is quite proud of its multicultural heritage. The Karachi Tramway was opened on April 20th 1885. Karachi, city and capital of Sindh province in southern Pakistan and the country’s largest city. From the mid-19th century, Karachi overshadowed Hyderabad as the commercial, educational and administrative centre of Sindh. #8 of 30 Sights & Landmarks in Karachi "Strachan designed the tower in the Gothic Revival style popular in Victorian England, to evoke the architecture of Medieval England (11th to 15th century A.D.)." University of Karachi Universität Karatschi; Gründung Juni 1951: Trägerschaft staatlich Ort Karatschi, Sindh, Pakistan: Kanzler (chancellor) der Gouverneur der Provinz Sindh: Studierende ca. Besides the natural protection against monsoon storms, Manora Head furnished an excellent site for the defense of the harbour, and the Talpura amīrs who gained Karachi from the khān of Kalāt in 1795 erected a permanent fort on it. Behram Sohrab H. J. Rustomji (1952), Karachi, 1839-1947: a short history of the foundation and growth of Karachi, Karachi: Kitabistan; Herbert Feldman (1970), Karachi through a hundred years: the centenary history of the Karachi Chamber of Commerce and Industry, 1860-1960 (2nd ed. Historic karachi. By means of the usage of 1852, Karachi has become a base with a populace of 14,000 and a rich remote places exchange. Alexander the Great is said to have encamped here after his campaign in the Indus Valley, and then before he embarked with his fleet on … Then came the ancient Greeks who called this port by many names, including Krokola. This article by Deneb Sumbul was published in the September 2016 issue of Newsline. His admiral Nearchus is said to have sailed from the ‘Morontobara’ port — probably the modern Manora Island near the Karachi harbour. The British Raj realised Karachi’s strategic importance very early on, and embarked on large-scale modernisation of the city. 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